It seems impossible to walk very far in Taipei or other major Taiwan cities before coming across a storefront offering foot massage. The popularity of the practice in recent years is hardly surprising. All forms of massage appeal to those who want better health without taking medicine or who wish to relieve stress without the use of alcohol or electronic devices.
The principles of foot massage, also known as foot reflexology or
zone therapy, mesh perfectly with the LOHAS ("lifestyles of health and
sustainability") philosophy adopted by many young, well-educated
consumers. In addition, many tourists find that enjoying a foot massage
is an excellent way to conclude a long day of sightseeing and shopping.
As a form of therapy, reflexology has been around for over 2,000
years. It is described in Huangdi Neijing, an ancient medical text known
in English as The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon or The Medical Classic
of the Yellow Emperor. However, the discipline's recent history – both
here and on the Chinese mainland, where it originated – has been
During the Cultural Revolution, many practitioners in the People's
Republic of China dared not give massages to strangers lest they be
attacked by Red Guards for perpetuating old customs and habits.
In Taiwan, there was no government- recognized national organization
for foot masseurs and masseuses until 1991, and that association was
technically a sports club registered with the Ministry of the Interior.
Two years later, what is now the Ministry of Health
and Welfare gave approval of sorts to traditional foot massage,
categorizing it as a folk remedy. By removing the possibility that
practitioners could be prosecuted for being "underground doctors," the
reform allowed foot masseurs and masseuses to talk more openly about the
theory behind what they do, and how reflexology may help some people.
Unlike Chinese herbal medicine treatments, foot massage is not covered by Taiwan's National Health Insurance system. Nor is there a national system regulating the training of reflexology practitioners. Courses are offered by several different organizations, the cheapest and shortest being those offered by the Ministry of Labor's Workforce Development Agency. These involve 54 hours of instruction spread over a month, but experienced masseurs say that between four and 12 months' training is required to attain real proficiency.
Although there is no clear scientific evidence to support the traditional Chinese notion that ailments of internal organs are treatable via particular nerve endings on the soles of the feet, medical opinion is fairly positive about the overall benefits of foot reflexology. According to the website of the University of Minnesota's Center for Spirituality & Healing: "Research studies in the U.S. and around the world indicate positive benefits of reflexology for various conditions. In particular, there are several well-designed studies, funded by the National Cancer Institute and the National Institutes of Health that indicate reflexology's promise as an intervention to reduce pain and enhance relaxation, sleep, and the reduction of psychological symptoms, such as anxiety and depression."
The website also notes that reflexology seems to cause "an increase in blood flow to kidneys and to the intestines," improved kidney function in kidney dialysis patients, lower blood pressure and reduced anxiety, plus pain reduction for those suffering from AIDS, osteoarthritis, diabetes, and other conditions.
Some benefits are even seen for cancer patients. The website states: "Studies showed reduction of pain, nausea, diarrhea or constipation, and improved quality of life with reflexology..."
The read the second half of this article, click on this link. Another useful article on the subject can be found here. The photo was taken by Rich J. Matheson, who also supplied the image on the magazine's cover.
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